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5 causes of obesity

What do you know about obesity? What is obesity and how is it caused?

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.

Obesity is diagnosed when your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. For most people, BMI provides a reasonable estimate of body fat. However, BMI doesn't directly measure body fat, so some people, such as muscular athletes, may have a BMI in the obesity category even though they don't have excess body fat.

Let's dive into more detail, what are some causes?

  1. Family inheritance and influences: The genes you inherit from your parents may affect the amount of body fat you store, and where that fat is distributed.
  2. Lifestyle choices: -​​ unhealthy diet, liquid calories, and inactivity can greatly contribute to the development of obesity.
  3. Certain diseases and medications: Medical problems, such as arthritis, also can lead to decreased activity, which may result in weight gain.
  4. Social and economic issues: Social and economic factors are linked to obesity. Avoiding obesity is difficult if you don't have safe areas to walk or exercise. Similarly, you may not have been taught healthy ways of cooking, or you may not have access to healthier foods. In addition, the people you spend time with may influence your weight; you're more likely to develop obesity if you have friends or relatives with obesity.
  5. Age: Obesity can occur at any age, even in young children. But as you age, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase your risk of obesity.

The bottom line:

Obesity is a complex non-communicable disease that results from a combination of inherited factors, combined with the environment and personal diet and exercise choices.

 

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